Monday, May 25, 2020

Legal Forms of Business Paper - 938 Words

Legal Forms of Business Paper Law/531 June 3rd, 2011 University of Phoenix Legal Forms of Business Paper Selecting the best form of operating a business depends on the type of business the owner wants to run. The owners have to pick the structure that best meets their needs. â€Å"The selection depends on many factors, including the ease and cost of formation, the capital requirements of the business, the flexibility of management decisions, government restrictions, personal liability, tax considerations, and the like† (Henry Cheeseman, 210, p. 529) Moreover, choosing the right form to run a business will also determine how the business is organized, how the cash flow is, and how the business is taxed. â€Å"The most common†¦show more content†¦Sole proprietorship was precluded because the business will be run by Monica and Susan because they have the necessary skills to be successful entrepreneurs. In this scenario, Vic will provide capital and will take a passive role in managing the business, she sill obtain profits because of her involvement in the business. For not facing some problems among them, they will have to reach an agreement generally written to state how shares will be handled; this is common called a limited partnership agreement. â€Å"This agreement sets forth the rights and duties of the general and limited partners; the terms and conditions regarding the operations, termination, and dissolution of the partnership; and so on† (Henry Cheeseman, 210, p. 547). The limited partnership agreement will set forth the transactions that managers and investors can approve. This document also states the how earnings and losses will be distributed among the partners. Limited partners have also the right of being informed by general managers about the business performance and the business financial status. If Susan or Monica wants to admit a new partner, the new candidate to operate the business can be included if Vic approves this, unless the agreement document states otherwise. Limited partnership is easy to set up, and to appeal investors as limited partners. ThisShow MoreRelatedLegal Forms of Business Paper1131 Words   |  5 Pageshead: LEGAL FORMS OF BUSINESS PAPER Alumina and BP Scenario Collaborative Analysis University of Phoenix Pedro E. Grave de Peralta LAW531-Business Law Ken Marc July 28, 2012 This paper will be discussed, as well as explaining sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability partnership, Limited Liability Company, S corporation, franchise, and corporate form found thisRead MoreAppropriate Business Forms for an Inventor876 Words   |  3 PagesChoosing a Business Structure Abstract In this paper, the author explores the appropriate business form for an inventor to use when starting a new company. The paper investigates the specific needs of the particular company, which are based on the strengths and weaknesses of the companys founder. To do so it looks at the theory behind business form selection and the strengths and weaknesses of individual business forms. Introduction I have developed a new home appliance that has the capabilityRead MoreEssay about BUS670 Week 1 Assigment1367 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Legal Underpinnings of Business Law Mia A. Rapier BUS 670: Legal Environment Instructor Leah Westerman November 16, 2014 â€Å"Liabilities are debts: money you owe. Every business carries some liabilities—for example, ongoing payments to suppliers, rent for your office, compensation to employees, or fees for contractors† (Mancuso, 2014). Added liabilities may result if a business is ravaged by a fire or flood or if the business owner(s) become the victim of a lawsuit—for example, a patronRead MoreThe Case Of Saudi Arabia1736 Words   |  7 Pagesone of the most important filed in business environment, and it plays a vital role in managing corporations, planning and setting objectives and decision making process Corporate governance has the responsibility to protect the market participants and stakeholders. However international markets are difference due to each society, this paper will provide a different definitions for corporate governance, and we will study the main factors that will influence the form and structure of corporate governanceRead MoreLegal Forms of Business1082 Words   |  5 PagesLegal Forms of Business: Week 2 Legal Forms of Business In business, the first decision that is made is usually the most difficult. When making business decisions, the owner must decide what types of business organization is the best for the company. There are seven forms of business that will be discussed as well as scenarios in which each of these forms of business would be the preferred form. This paper will also justify why the corresponding business form is preferred. The formsRead MoreLaw 421 Contracts1057 Words   |  5 Pagesare an essential part of business. As a student of a business law class, I will discuss in this paper several aspects of contracts. This paper will give a definition of a contract and the essential elements necessary to form a valid contract. It will briefly discuss breach of contract and the difference between a material breach and a nonmaterial breach of contract. Examples of legal and equitable remedies available for breach of contracts will be highlighted. Also, legal excuses for nonperform anceRead MoreBus 311 Business Law Entire Course Material1611 Words   |  7 PagesBUS 311 Business Law Entire Course Material Follow the link below to purchase    Visit Website: Please contact us for more Tutorial amp; Help ( BUS 311 Week 1 DQ 1 Applying the Law to a Set of Facts    Applying the Law to a Set of Facts.  Read the Hypothetical Case Problem #1 at the end of Chapter 1 and respond to these questions 1. If Javier sued Energy-AutoRead MoreManaging Customer Perceptions of the Business Environment for Competitive Advantage1743 Words   |  7 PagesPredrag Basic BA 656 01/16/2011 Article Critique: Managing customer perceptions of the business environment for competitive advantage By: Toni Hilton, PhD Westminster Business School, UK and Warwick Jones, PhD University of the West of England, UK Journal of Customer Behavior, 2010, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 265-281 Article Summary Per Bendapudi and Berry, the environmental influences consumer behavior but does not influence consumers’ trust. Organizations have to research extentRead MoreSmall Business Idea1156 Words   |  5 PagesSmall-Business Idea Paper University of Phoenix ACC 561 Small-Business Idea Paper There are numerous factors affecting the type of business organizations that an owner should form, so that it is most beneficial for him and the product or services provided. In this paper, the four business structures are evaluated and the association of the legal, tax and accounting implications with the different structures are also discussed. Suppose that the government has released funds to set up smallRead MoreSmall Business Idea1521 Words   |  7 PagesSmall Business Idea ACC 561/Accounting January 30, 2012 Small Business Idea Introduction Starting a small business can be daunting, exciting, and rewarding. A proprietor must consider which form of business organization is best suited for his or her product or service. There has to be consideration with legal, tax, accounting, and other implications when selecting from the four business types. This paper will explore the advantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorship, corporation

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Lottery Examples Of Literary Terms, And A Journal Entry

A. 1) The tone, mood or atmosphere in the story begins with that of happiness and euphoria, by setting us up with a wonderful day that most everyone would enjoy. (Quote: â€Å"The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day†¦Ã¢â‚¬ [pg147] ) However, later on in the story, it takes a different tone, and by the very end the tone is that of panic, disdain and fear. (Quote: â€Å"‘It isn’t fair, it isn’t right,’ Mrs. Hutchinson screamed, and then they were upon her.† [pg 155] ) 2) The conflict in this story is person versus environment (society) And to a lesser extent, person versus person. (Quotes: â€Å"I tell you it wasn’t fair, you didn’t give him time enough to chose. Everybody saw that.† [pg154] â€Å"‘Be a good sport,†¦show more content†¦Summers. ‘You didn’t give him enough time to take any paper he wanted, I saw you, it wasn’t fair.’† [pg 153]† 5) The situational irony in the story is that in the beginning a fun filled happy day with a fun contest is expected and what actually occurs is something barbaric and murderous. (Quotes: â€Å"They stood together away from the pile of stones in the corner and their jokes were quiet†¦Ã¢â‚¬ [pg148] â€Å"Tessie Hutchinson was in the middle of a clear spot by now, and she held her hands out desperately as the villagers moved in on her, ‘It isn’t fair,’ she said. A stone hit her on the side of the head†¦Ã¢â‚¬ [pg 155] ) 6) The lottery itself is symbolic of the paradox of the human psyche between compassion on one hand and the thirst for violence on the other. An example of this is when the children are enjoying a break from school, playing and being children, and suddenly they are being joined by adults stoning a mother to death. It appears that this tradition has blinded these people, making them unable to think of a reason why this possibly should not be happening. (Quotes: â€Å"Bobbie Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones and the other boys soon followed his example selecting the smoothest and roundest stones.† [pg147] â€Å"The pile of stones the boys had made earlier was ready. Tessie Hutchinson was in the center of a cleared space by now, she held her hands up desperately as the villagers moved in on her, ‘It isn’t fair,’ she said. A stone hit her on the side of theShow MoreRelatedANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesï » ¿TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS The purpose of Text Interpretation and Analysis is a literary and linguistic commentary in which the reader explains what the text reveals under close examination. Any literary work is unique. It is created by the author in accordance with his vision and is permeated with his idea of the world. The reader’s interpretation is also highly individual and depends to a great extent on his knowledge and personal experience. That’s why one cannot lay down a fixed â€Å"model†Read MoreHindi Nibandh on Advantages of Mobile and Disadvantage17790 Words   |  72 Pagesanti-reservation discourse), Dalit literature has the potential to humanize non-Dalits and sensitise them to a world into which they have no insight. But before we can understand what Dalit literature is seeking to accomplish, we need first to come to terms with the stranglehold of non-Dalit representations of Dalits. Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance, published 15 years ago, chronicles the travails of two Dalit characters— uncle Ishvar and nephew Omprakash—who migrate to Bombay and yet cannot escape brutalityRead MoreContemporary Issues in Manageme nt Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesrights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expressly permitted by law, or under terms agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope of the above should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above You must not circulate this bookRead MoreMba Solved Assignment Papers52670 Words   |  211 Pageswhich structures and identifies new  problems Constructive research, which develops solutions to a problem .Empirical research, which tests the feasibility of a  solution  using empirical evidence The research room at the New York  Public Library, an  example  of secondary research in progress. Research can also fall into two distinct types: Primary research Secondary research In social sciences and later in other disciplines, the following two research methods can be applied, depending on theRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages136 Psychological Resiliency 139 Social Resiliency 143 Temporary Stress-Reduction Techniques 144 SKILL ANALYSIS 147 Cases Involving Stress Management 147 The Turn of the Tide 147 The Case of the Missing Time 150 SKILL PRACTICE 155 Exercises for Long-Term and Short-Run Stress Management The Small-Wins Strategy 155 Life-Balance Analysis 156 Deep Relaxation 158 Monitoring and Managing Time 159 SKILL APPLICATION 161 Activities for Managing Stress 161 Suggested Assignments 161 Application Plan and Evaluation

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Paul Gauguin Where Do We Come From What Are We Where Are...

Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Paul Gauguin is known for being one of the worlds greatest painters, although he was not much appreciated at his time. His work seems to tell stories of his life. In his series of painting done in Tahiti, we can see the many wonders that Gauguin himself explored. Today Gauguins painting run for millions. For example; Paul Gauguins Maternite (II) done in 1899 was sold for $39.2 million. That wasnt the case back when Gauguin first started his new career. In this essay I will determine to explore Gauguins life and his well-known painting Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Paul Gauguin was born in Paris, France on June 7, 1848. Gauguins family was middle†¦show more content†¦By 1883 he had decided to devote himself full-time to painting, a profession that had no secure income. As Gauguins wife realized that her husband would no longer be able to support her and their five children, she returned to her family, leaving Gauguin to pursue his art on his own. Between 1886 and 1891 Gauguin lived mostly in rural Brittany, although he did visit Panama and Martinique during that period of time. In Brittany, however, Gauguin was the center of a small group of experimental painters who were known as the school of Pont-Aven. Gauguin began to turn away from impressionism, and eventually began to adopt a less naturalistic style. His inspirations came from medieval stained glass, the lives of indigenous peoples, and Japanese prints. Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh introduced Gauguin to Japanese prints when the two men spent two months together at Arles in the south of France in 1888. By 1891, Gauguin was greatly in debt. He was also depressed, feeling that the civilized world around him was artificial. He left France to go to the South Seas to escape European civilization. He remained in the tropics for the rest of his life except for a visit to France between 1893 and 1895. He lived in Tahiti for a time and later moved to the Marquesas Islands. In the South Seas, his style remained essentially the same; as he used expressive color, no perspective, and thick, flat, brush strokes. On the year 1987, GauguinShow MoreRelated The Life of Paul Gauguin Essay1283 Words   |  6 PagesThe Life of Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin was born in Paris on June 7th, 1848. His childhood was filled with radical beliefs and a libertarian lifestyle. In fact, his own father Clovis Gauguin was a republican journalist by trade, whose own writings were criticized for their radicalism and eventually forced the family into exile in 1849. With no stable source of income due to his father’s death, the family established residency in Peru, a decision made in accordance to his mother’sRead More Gauguin Where Do We Come From What Are We Where Are We Going2224 Words   |  9 PagesGauguin Where Do We Come From What Are We Where Are We Going -Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) -Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going? -1897 -Oil on Canvas, 5 feet by 12 feet -Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, is the self-acclaimed masterpiece of Paul Gauguins’ career. It represents the culmination of his ideas and beliefs that he acquired throughout his life as a painter. Many visual characteristics of the painting, such asRead MoreJohn Berger Essay- Ways of Seeing1833 Words   |  8 PagesWhile in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, I traveled through the different galleries and their various cultures; discovering all sorts of arts from Contemporary art, to American art, Japanese art, and even the Egyptian art where I could appreciate the complexity of mummies. Throughout all these diverse cultures of art, I was questioning myself and started to wonder how I could understand art beyond others’ opinion about them. Moreover, I realized that it was a question John Berger, critic of artRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Goodbye, Columbus 1586 Words   |  7 Pagestake to define one’s individuality or discover one’s life purpose. Superficially, the title is a reference to the ending lyrics of Ron’s senior yearbook album as well as the physical location of Ohio State University in which Ron Patimkin graduated from. With closer analysis, it becomes evident that the title extends to a much deeper meaning of the overall theme of self-examination and self-identity for the protagonist, Neil Klugman. The title, Goodbye, Columbus, primarily acts as an essential metaphorRead MoreMemo: Decorating the New Office Space With Artwork1091 Words   |  4 Pagesrenovation of our new office is complete, it is time to consider furnishing the new space with works of art that reflect the spirit of the company and the ethos we wish to communicate to new clients. When walking into our organizations headquarters, we want people to gain a sense of tranquility and confidence. No matter how stressed they might feel, we want them to know that the partners at our law firm can handle their concerns. An image of nurturing and competence is an ideal first scene for them toRead MoreVincent Van Gogh And His Life1901 Words   |  8 Pagesfactual evidence has come to light that it’s possible that he got into a fight with his mate Paul Gauguin and Gauguin who was an expert fencer might have sliced Venice’s ear. At the end of his life where he seemed to be depressed and there are some accounts about him being in corn fields and saying that he codnt take it and he couldn’t do it, it can’t be done, it impossible and then shoot himself in the stomach might also be a misrehension of some of the facts because some has come to light to see justRead MorePost-impressionism and Artists1298 Words   |  6 PagesSociety of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers, etc. organized an exhibition in Paris. (Samu, 2004). The group led several exhibitions through the 1880’s which brought them into the spot light despite criticism from the conventional art community in France. The movement received its name from one of the movements most now most recognized artists Claude Monet and his piece Impression, Sunrise. It is said that a critic accused the painting of being a sketch or â€Å"impression†. (Samu, 2004) Paintings ofRead MoreThe Happy Man1598 Words   |  7 PagesThe text which Im going to analyse is The happy man written by Somerset Maugham. He is a well-known English novelist, short-story writer, playwright and essayist. Maugham was the son of a British diplomat. He was educated at Kings School in Canterbury, studied painting in Paris, went to Heidelberg University in Germany and studied to be a doctor at St. Thomas Hospital in England. Although Somerset Maugham didnt denounce the contemporary social order, he was critical of the morals, the narrow-mindednessRead MoreThe Stru ggle in Chaim Potoks My Name is Asher Lev Essay2205 Words   |  9 Pageswith our lives. Do you understand me, Asher? (Potok 136). The struggle begins for young Asher Lev, a talented artist who tries to convince his father and the rest of his family of his artistic ability, when his father refuses to recognize his talent. Set in a tightly knitted Jewish community in Brooklyn, Chaim Potok successfully depicted a young boy torn between his orthodox Jewish tradition and his passion for art in his best seller My Name is Asher Lev. Asher Lev knew from a young age thatRead MoreThe Moon and Sixpence Summary7680 Words   |  31 PagesEnglish writer, well-known as a novelist, playwright and shortstory writer. In his writings he kept to the principles of Realism, but his method of writing was also influenced by Naturalism, Neo-romanticism and Modernism.W.S. Maugham was born in Paris where his father worked as solicitor for the English Embassy. At the age of 10, Maugham was orphaned a nd sent to England to live with his uncle, thevicar of Whitstable. Before becoming a writer he was educated at Kings School, Canterbury, and Heidelberg

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Keiner Merchandising Company Net Profit Assignment

Essays on Keiner Merchandising Company Net Profit Assignment The paper â€Å"Keiner Merchandising Company Net Profit" is a  thoughtful example of an assignment on finance accounting. The main purpose of the internal control procedures is to ensure that an organization’s operations comply with the quality assurance standards of a firm. The objective is achieved through the maintenance of internal controls, which constitute peer reviews of financial statements and continuous performance appraisals.Record keeping of a firm’s assets should be separated from the custody of the same assets to avoid temptations of fraud in the safeguarding of assets.   The separation is vital because of the value attached to internal controls and oversight roles of involved staff.The responsibility of a transaction must be given to more than one party in order to ensure accountability. The move is one of the internal control measures within a firm, which prevents fraud. It is easy to trace persons responsible for fraudulent conduct when two or mor e parties are involved in a transaction especially the material requisition transaction.The items included in the cash equivalents category include cash, checks, recovery of debts and petty cash.   Liquidity refers to the ability of an organization to meet both its short-term and long-term cash commitments.A good internal control system enhances protection for the cash receipt and disbursements through a separation of duties, performance appraisal, and total quality management. Disbursement of cash requires the segregation of duties, review of authorized signors, and requisition of dual signors and the reconciliation of bank accounts in good time.The internal control ignored in the case of Franco Company is the segregation of duties. The same person authorizing checks for the company should not perform the record-keeping function. Segregation of duties could have prevented such embezzlement of the fund, $18400.The perpetual inventory system is reliable. First-In-First out system e nsures that old stock is sod before new stock is sold.Sales  Ã‚  Ã‚   =350 unitsClosing stock   =150 unitsOpening inventory  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   =320 units$3Purchases (p1) = 80 units $3.2Purchases (p2) = 100 units $3.34FIFO method:Sales 320 units $3Sales  Ã‚  Ã‚   30 units $3.2  Ã‚  For the purchases (p1) closing stock accounts for 50 units @3   = $150For the purchases (p2) closing stock accounts for 100 units @ $3.2 =$320The cost of closing stock using FIFO =$ (150+320) = $ 470LIFO method:Sales100 units @$3.3480 units @$3.2170 units @ $3The closing stock will account for 150 units@$3=$450Weighted average method:Closing stock will account for 150 units @ weighted average priceWeighted average price=(3.34+3.2+3)/3= $3.18Closing stock cost=(150 x 3.18     =$477Harris Company is the consignor and Harlow Company is the consignee. The consignee, Harlow Company has the right to include other goods as part of the stock. Harlow Company should include the consignment of $12500 g oods o transit as part of its closing inventory.Merchandise inventory includes goods ready for sale.Nov. 5thDr. Purchases account $6000(600x10)Cr. Creditors account   $6000Nov. 7thDr. Creditors account   $250Cr. Purchases account $250Nov.11thDr. Creditors account   $5750Cr. Cash account $5750April 1stDr. Debtors account  Ã‚  Ã‚   $3000Cr. Sales account  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   $3000Dr. Profit and loss account  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   $ 1200(3000-1800)Cr. Sales $1200April 4thDr. Sales account $600Cr. Debtors account  Ã‚  Ã‚   $600Dr. Sales account $240Cr. Profit and loss account $240

Religion And Religious Laws On Religion - 975 Words

For centuries there have been many religions that humans have incorporated into their lives. All religions have certain moral rules that they want their followers and society have to obey without questioning why the rules exist. Some of the religious rules have put limits on humans that go completely against human nature. This because we as humans are consider as mammals and animals as well Although there are many positive views of religion there are also many negative aspects to religious laws. For centuries, religion has put limits on its followers by denying their passions for many reasons. Religion teaches everyone what’s morality good and what bad in life. They put certain rules that they want everyone to agree without questioning them. Although, some of the rules that religion inforce are morally correct to everyone, they go complete against human nature. Human are also considered animals and as animal we need to survive in life. For example, religion teaches everyone not to kill anyone and to love one another no matter what’s the situation. But, it’s our natural animal instincts to eliminate any threat that is in our way. For society and religion this is wrong because there’s a law that forbids the killing of anybody is a crime and isn’t morality correct. This put limits on how we deal with a situation where we feel threaten and not able to take action in our own hands. But, it’s perfectly fine that a tiger to kill his prey to stay alive because it’s an animal.Show MoreRelatedThe Power and Protection of Religious Libe rty Essay examples1027 Words   |  5 PagesReligious liberty is a basic human right which is related to people’s daily life. When it comes to the question that whether Religious liberty should be protected by specific provisions or general provisions, people have divergent opinions. I agree that religious liberty should be protect by specific provisions including national law and international law. I have several reasons to explain it. 〠Key Words】religious liberty, constructional law, human right The power and the order of the common customsRead MoreThe Evidence For The Secularisation Of Western Europe1660 Words   |  7 Pagessocial process whereby religious institutions, thinking, and consciousness are losing their social significance†. This is relatively true in Western Europe, due to industrialisation and new technological and scientific research. The move from one ‘canopy’ religion to a branch of religions and the diversity of Western Europe undermined the religious significance of the dominant religion of Christianity in Western Europe. Bue despite all the challenges of a modern world, religion lives on through traditionsRead MoreLaw and Religion1173 Words   |  5 PagesReligion began as a way to explain unfathomable gaps in understanding how the world and the things within it worked. It became a fundamental part of many lives because it gave the population faith and understanding as to why things functioned the way they did. Unexplainable events were concluded as the will of a higher being, as it was the simplest rational. Nonetheless, time has shifted, and with different ages comes change. However important they were when our kind had no other explanation forRead MoreReligious Freedom Essay1261 Words   |  6 PagesReligious Freedom America has been named the melting pot of the world. It houses many different cultures, nationalities, ideas and religions. There are Christians, Jews, Catholics, Buddhists, Mormons, Hindus, Spiritualists, Jehovahs Witnesses, Islamic, plus many more. America is unique in that all these religions are represented in a nation that is only 200 years old. And America has upheld, throughout history, that the freedom and equality of religion is extremely important in orderRead MorePublic Schools All Over America975 Words   |  4 Pagespublic schools on whether it is right or wrong because it promotes a specific religion and negates other religions. An article by The Texas Tribune, written by Morgan Smith, announced that â€Å"Merry Christmas† is officially okay to say in Texas public schools. The controversy erupted when cheerleaders of East Texas High School were told that they were not able to carry signs that displayed bible verses on them. A new law was formed in Texas that allowed schools to put up Christmas oriented decorationsRead MoreThe United States And Religious Neutrality1658 Words   |  7 PagesIn the United States, religious neutrality appears throughout society as an attempt to respect majority and minority religions, which seems implausible due to the complicated relationship between religion and government. When the government makes legal decisions involving religion, the ideal of neutrality seemingly dissipates when one faith appears to garner more respect over another in earning the majority decision in the Courts. This impossibility of state neutrality is apparent when balancingRead MoreThe Integrat ion Of Immigrants Into American Religious Life1147 Words   |  5 PagesThe Integration of Immigrants into American Religious Life What is your definition of an immigrant? My definition of an immigrant is a person who moves to a foreign country and brings with them traditions and cultures, which they assimilate into their new country. During the nineteenth century, the United States was predominately a protestant nation, which experienced high levels of immigration. From countries such as Poland, Ireland, Russia, and Germany. Many of these ethnic groups were CatholicRead MoreEssay on Right to Religion589 Words   |  3 PagesIntroduction Religion is an essential component of human rights, defended by a range of international accords as well as declarations. The right to religion chiefly embraces liberty of ideas on all issues, coupled with the independence to manifest religion besides the accompanying doctrines individually or with other people, not only in public but private as well. Unfortunately, at times people are compelled to leave their habitats, as a result of persecution they meet for taking a stand for whatRead MoreCan Establishment Be Consistent With Religious Freedom?1244 Words   |  5 PagesEstablishment be Consistent with Religious Freedom? In this paper, it will be submitted that some forms of establishment such as that in England and Scotland is consistent with religious freedom. While other forms of establishment such as that in Iran, which is noted as being an Islamic theocracy with the adoption of Sharia law is not consistent with religious freedom. However, before we go any further, it is important to define the term establishment and religious freedom as they relate to thisRead MoreFreedom Of Exercise And Freedom975 Words   |  4 PagesAmerica was founded upon was the idea that religious freedom was an inalienable right. Many who sailed to new world were pilgrims who believed the land was a promised land, sacred. They also believed the new world would allow them to escape religious persecution. When the Constitution was developed in 1787, the First Amendment addressed the relationship between the government and religion stating, â€Å"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;

Strategic Planning free essay sample

This write-up attempts to review what authors have written specifically on strategic marketing process; particularly their approach and personal philosophy vis-agrave;-vis this concept. Within the various approaches, it looks at the respective purpose and structure. Then onwards provide an analytical perspective on the SWOT analysis which seemingly, marketing gurus and authors embrace in their strategic plan in todays market environment. Review: Strategic Marketing Plan Doyle (2002) explains strategic marketing plan is concerned with adapting the organisation to a changing environment more effectively than their competitors. Organisation succeeds when they meet the needs of customers more effectively than their competitors (Doyle 2002, p. 92). The markets drivers for change (Drummond, Ensor 2003), some of which are far beyond the organisations sphere of control. Adaptability becomes an inextricable phenomenon in mainstream marketing environment. The organisation has to monitor key macroenvironmental variables (demographic, economic, technological, political, and socio-cultural) and microenvironment variables (customers, competitors, distributors, suppliers) that affect its ability to retain customers (Kotler, P. 2003). In order for it to achieve and enjoy a comparative advantage, the organisation executes a careful strategic planning, and using marketing strategies to achieve this aim (Dibb et al 2001). Hence, the notion of strategic marketing plan. Doyle advanced that a well defined strategy would incorporate the following: Scope of business; Objectives; Strategic business unit (SBU) identification; Resource allocation; Deeping sustainable advantage; Effective functional strategies (positioning, product line, price, promotion and distribution; synergy. The elements of synergy and SBU identification underlined by Doyle prove relevant to large organisations with diverse business units, products and target segments. It would serve a right purpose for management to be clear and exact about their choice of product, what business are they in,and what business do they want to be. He supports his approach with the following diagram. According to Doyle, strategic focus looks at product profitability either by increasing productivity or increasing volume by market expansion and penetration as an objective for an organisation to pursue; a marketing strategy that have seen most UK supermarkets and departmental stores adopting in South East London, for instant the ASDA supermarket. Dibb et al posits the strategic marketing process is based on the establishment of organisational goals and must stay within the bounds of organisational opportunities and resources (2001, p.656). They highlight a complex set of externalities including; political, legal, regulatory, societal and green, economic and competitive, and technological forces that border around the all popular notion of PEST (political, economic, social technological) analysis. The relationship between market opportunities and organisations goals and the availability of resources to match them in relation external forces is captured below in the diagram provided by Dibb et al (2001). The aforementioned understanding relates with that of Drummond and Ensor who also agree that the external analysis is the initial step in the process of establishing the key issues facing an organisation (2003, p. 34). Given that businesses operate in hostile and increasingly complex environment, it makes sense to try to bring some order to this chaos by understanding the commercial environment and bringing some strategic sense to the process of marketing products and services (Riley, J. G. 2005). Another distinctive element of the Dibb et al model is the focus on organisational opportunities and resources, which Doyle (2003) also highlights in his approach. A proper strategic marketing planning process would seek to identify the organisations opportunities that would be matched by the necessary and available resources. For instant a company willing to enter into a large buying consumer market like the United States of America would to seek competitive advantage over its competitors by matching adequate technological, economic, management resources. More so, Dibb et al further clarifying a major confusion over the misuse of termsstrategic marketing plan and marketing plan amongst students and marketing managers: Strategic marketing plan is a plan of all aspects of an organisations strategy in the market place marketing deals primarily with implementing marketing strategy as it relates to target markets and marketing mix (2001, p. 656). Brassington and Pettitt reiterate this distinction; strategic marketing plan deals with the total strategy in a market linking customers, competitors and organisational capability while the marketing plan is an operational element dealing with the marketing mix strategy that will be used to gained leverage in the market place (2003). Brassington and Pettitt model. The leverage in the market place is what Drummond and Ensor underline on their approach in the strategic marketing planning process as it: involves achieving a superior competitive position within a defined market. Essentially, it involves segmentation, targeting and positioning. This must address customers, competitors and internal corporate factors (2003, p. 14). Drummond and Ensor stress a strategic marketing plan should be relevant and sustainable (2003); an argument also adhered to and phrased by Doyle (2002) as sustainable differential advantage. In order for that to happen, the organisation must be competitive now and in the future and be able to accept change as an integral part of strategy (Drummond and Ensor 2003). Hiebaun (1997) underlines the fact that the strategy marketing plan demands a methodology to be followed and should begin with the companys forecast and objectives . According to him, forecast consists in answering the following question: If our market and environment tendency stays the same and continues, what will be our situation in the short, medium, and long term? We have to ask ourselves: Where is the company at right now? Where are we going? Where do we want to go? However, McDonalds (2003) cautions about the using of the forecasting system as they tend to project a current business into the future, which can work if the future is going to be the same as the present or the past; if not the business would result to lost opportunities for profit, unrealistic objectives, wasted promotional expenditure, management frustration, growing vulnerability to changes in the business environment, just to name this few. Another drawback is that Hiebauns strategic marketing model assumes a fairly accurate forecasting, and does not take in to account unexpected events. In an uncertain world, long-term forecasts cannot relied upon with a high level of confidence; many firms would have to rely on scenario planning as a tool for dealing with multiple contingencies . Whereas the marketing planning process embodies a series of managerial steps (McDonald 2003, p.39), is not simply a series of action steps; it also embodies a set of values and assumptions which, while not being explicit, are nevertheless an integral part of the whole process (McDonald 1996, p. 11). He observes that an organisation would not change its value system or culture unless something very significant take place to make such a change worthwhile. Lancaster and Waddelow (1998) explore this lagging phenomenon of organisations to embrace the tenets of the all acclaimed strategic marketing plan in their study of small-to-medium-size-enterprises. They observe that the strategic scope of a marketing plan is a daunting task which creates two major barriers of perceptions in the minds of managing directors in small-to-medium-size-enterprises. It would take too much time to complete (providing poor return for the effort expended); it will be out of date by the time it is completed (wasting precious resources) (1998, p. 2). They advanced a new methodology for small-to-medium-size-enterprises that must motivate managing directors towards planning and provide for any lapses in their will and knowledge. Such a process should be simple and appropriate; a content that has meaning and resonance; a basis of continuous development and learning (Lancaster and Waddelow 1998). Whereas the representation of strategic marketing planning process proves useful in the world of academics, it is not necessarily the straightforward, linear sequential operation (McDonald 1996). SWOT ANALYSIS Definition SWOT is the acronym of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats; simply is an effective way of identifying your Strengths and Weaknesses, and of examining the Opportunities and Threats you face . It is a summary of the audit under the headings, internal strengths and weaknesses as they relate to external opportunities and threats (McDonald 2003, p. 48). Basically, a straightforward model that provides direction and serves as a basis for the development of marketing plans. This is accomplished by assessing an organizations strengths (what an organization can do) and weaknesses (what an organization cannot do) in addition to opportunities (potential favourable conditions for an organization) and threats (potential unfavourable conditions for an organization) . David Jobber sees it as a structured approach to evaluating the strategic position of a business by identifying its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threat of the marketing audit (2004, p. 44). Strengths and weaknesses are essentially associated with the audit of the internal company whereas opportunities and threats stem primarily from the external environment (Lancaster, Massingham, Ashford 2002, p. 374). Purpose of the SWOT Analysis The purpose of strategy is to be really clear before you take the direction. The point of a SWOT analysis is to have the best shot at a grounded plan, says Rashi Glazer, co-director of the Centre for Marketing and Technology at the University of California at Berkeley . SWOT analysis provides the basis upon which later stages in the strategic marketing plan depend and be used to generate thoughts for clear problem definition (Lancaster, Massingham, Ashford 2002). It provides strong evidence about what the company should and should not try to set as marketing objectives (McDonald 2003). A scan of the internal and external environment is an important part of the strategic planning process. It provides information that is helpful in matching the firms resources and capabilities to the competitive environment in which it operates . That information would provide indicators that will assist the firm in accomplishing its objectives (a strength or opportunity), or if it indicates an obstacle that must be overcome or minimized to achieve desired results (weakness or threat) (Danca). The information that is used in a SWOT analysis exercise must be current and relevant to the firm; it should ensure that the following is completed : For strengths All strengths should be recognized and validated on a regular basis. The information can originate from internal evaluations by top management. A firms strengths are its resources and capabilities that can be used as a basis for developing a competitive advantage including; patents, strong brand names, good reputation amongst customers, cost advantage from proprietary know-how, exclusive access to high grade natural resources, favourable access to distribution networks (quickmba, online). For weaknesses A weakness could be lack of marketing expertise, undifferentiated products or services (i. relation to your competitors), location of your business, poor quality goods or services, or damaged reputation. For opportunities Track what is being published in press releases, magazines, and market research reports for the industry. Any mention of growth or continuous trends should be noted. An opportunity could be developing market such as the Internet, mergers, joint ventures or strategic alliances, moving into new market segments that offer improved profits, a new international market, a market vacated by an ineffective competitor. For threats Closely monitor press releases of competitors. The press releases can reveal what competitors are currently doing to be competitive in the industry. A threat could be: a new competitor in your home market, price wars with competitors, a competitor has a new, innovative product or service, competitors have superior access to channels of distribution or taxation is introduced on your product or service Davis (2004) suggests that information needed to conduct a proper analysis should be verified and updated before being sent to executives. Data that will be used for the analysis must reflect the current status of the industry. If the method of collecting information is flawed, the results of the analysis will be incorrect and hence provide an assessment that can be poor and lack the proper insight to make the right decisions. Cautioning Overtime, market experts have warned about the seemingly over simplistic approached usually incorporated into the strategic marketing planning. Jobber noted strengths such as I have an old established firm, We are a larger supplier, We are technologically advanced should be questioned for their impact on customer satisfaction (2004, p. 44). A considerable improvement is needed in the way SWOT framework is understood, and used, by many organizations . Koch (2000) further suggests that in appraising effects of opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses, emphasis should be put on their combined effects, rather than on the effects of individual factors in isolation from one another. Appropriate rules must be developed and observed in every SWOT analysis if it is to produce reliable inputs into strategy generation. Koch developed what he referred as the SECURE model (shown below) aimed at circumventing what he described as various SWOT malpractices. The following explanation about the SECURE model as advanced by Koch (2000): The first rule is that boundaries and structure of the market, and their anticipated changes, should be well defined. The second rule demands that all changes in the companys environment capable of influencing this company future performance be included in its SWOT analysis. One should stress here that a multiple-scenario approach to strategic planning would require a multiple SWOT inventory development at each, or at least some, organizational levels. The third rule, trends in the companys external and internal environments should be presented clearly. If, for instance, the long-term survival of the automotive industry depends on its adoption of a new propelling system for a future car, a system that would be more environmentally friendly, and increasingly based on renewable, or more abounding, sources of energy, a superior ability of car-making companies to make progress in this direction would be of critical strategic importance today. The fourth rule, companys competitive environments, their structure, forms, scope and intensity of competition should be properly examined and presented. Again, one should aim for precision of reference in all these respects. For instance, referring broadly to a company as one involved in telecommunication may be quite inadequate, while referring to it as involved in facilitating transmission of certain kind of data to certain categories of customers in certain geographic regions will make it possible to ascertain, and name, all possible opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses. Aiming for a high level of precision in making ones reference sufficiently specific should not come, however, at the cost of blurring the big picture of the market. One should always try and make sure that strategic analysts overlook neither trees nor woods. The fifth rule, a clear reference to an anticipated state of the future company internal and external environment should be made. If SWOT analysis is done in absence of such a background, the verification of claims concerning individual strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats can be either difficult or virtually impossible. Thus, organizations need to formulate their possible future scenarios clearly and completely. Analysis of the potential significance of the various organization strengths and weaknesses in various possible future situations is obviously capable of enhancing SWOT analysis quite considerably. The sixth rule, a clear reference to future strategic objectives and strategies is required in every SWOT analysis. Failure to do so will make the evaluation of scenario-specific relative importance of individual strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats quite perplexing and much harder, if at all feasible.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Why I Dont Believe in God free essay sample

Why I Do Not Believe in God In this paper, I will formally and philosophically discuss the arguments posed by Thomas Aquinas and use my own personal opinions and experiences to explain my disagreements with Aquinas and why I do not believe in the existence of God. Whether or not God exists is an argument that has been ongoing since some of the earliest philosophers took it up hundreds of years ago. Many philosophers have stated arguments on this topic, from Thomas Aquinas to David Hume to St. Anselm. To this day, it is one of, if not the most, debated topics. St. Thomas Aquinas is a noted philosopher known for his empirical arguments for the existence of God. Though Aquinas posed many arguments in favor of this, I will discuss and explain the teleological argument. This argument is built upon the idea that many things in the world which we live exhibit order and standards. We will write a custom essay sample on Why I Dont Believe in God or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Aquinas asserts that where there is a high order such as these, there must be a superior designer or creator who established and enforces such an order. According to Aquinas, this is whom we refer to as God. My issues with Aquinas argument most closely follow those of David Hume, the later philosopher who criticized Aquinas assertions. If God were a perfect creator, he would want to create a perfect world for his creatures to live in. An omnibenevolent God would not want evil to exist, and yet it does through both evil actions of people and natural evils such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and other natural disasters. Additionally, many natural laws exist that can have negative effects on mankind still exist (such as falling from the effects of gravity), and we are exposed to these effects despite supposedly having a God who is omnibenevolent and mnipotent. In addition, it does not seem to make sense that God would not create every creature perfectly, rather than have some be superior than others. Though I was raised in a Christian household and attended church frequently while growing up, my beliefs have shifted as I have grown older because I have not experienced God firsthand or in a very direct way. Recently, I was not sure exactly what my stance on Gods existence was. When I learned of and researched David Humes refutation of Aquinas argument, it solidified my thoughts. I agree most directly with Humes point of a perfect God not creating a perfect world and the kind of pain and suffering this imposes. I myself, and myriad others, have had loved ones pass away after lengthy battles with cancer or other deadly, tormenting diseases. From personal experience, it makes one question the existence of a higher power because it does not seem right that a God who is supposed to love his creations so much would put them through such trials and tribulations. It is not sensical, and is frustrating to those whom, like me, have been in the situation. In brief summation, I do not believe in the existence of God. My own personal experiences in addition to David Humes well-reasoned philosophical argument have led to this conclusion. Thomas Aquinas argument for Gods existence falls short with me in that a perfect creator should not allow such bad things to occur on Earth that do † wars, famines, disease, murder and other crimes, etc. A God such as the one discussed in this argument that is supposedly omnipotent and omnibenevolent especially should not allow these things to happen, and yet we as a world tace them daily.